As a Tennessee resident, do I have to pay GA sales tax on a car purchased in Georgia?

August 14, 2014 18:20 by Consumer Ed

Dear Consumer Ed:

I'm looking to buy a used car in Georgia, but I live in Tennessee. What is the law for collecting sales tax? I've been told Georgia dealers won't collect sales tax. I’ve also heard that if I pay cash, they won't collect sales tax, but if I finance it, they will collect my Tennessee tax and mail it to Tennessee. The Georgia Secretary of State said by law the dealer must collect Georgia sales tax and I may also have to pay Tennessee sales tax. Is it up to the dealer?

Consumer Ed says: 

The decision to collect Georgia taxes on the purchase of your vehicle is not in the dealer’s discretion. Instead, it depends on whether you apply for certificate of title in Georgia or another state (like Tennessee).  On March 1, 2013, Georgia’s motor vehicle tax rules changed:  as of that date, instead of the old sales tax, use tax, and annual ad valorem taxes being levied, any car purchased or leased and then titled in Georgia will instead be subject to a one-time tax called the Title Ad Valorem Tax fee (“TAVT”).  The TAVT is now the sole and exclusive method for taxing the purchase price of an automobile.  The TAVT is calculated by multiplying the Fair Market Value of the vehicle by the TAVT rate, which is currently set at 6.75% through the end of 2014.  The new law requires dealers to collect this TAVT from the customer, then submit the TAVT and the application for certificate of title to the particular county in Georgia where the vehicle will be registered.

But if you purchase a vehicle in Georgia and apply for certificate of title in another state, the dealer may not necessarily collect sales tax, use tax, or even TAVT on your behalf.  Instead, the dealer may have the purchaser execute a Nonresident Certificate of Exemption Purchase of Motor Vehicle (also referred to as Form ST-8), to allow for a “drive out” exemption.  This certificate is signed by both the purchaser and the dealer to affirm that the nonresident purchaser will immediately transport the vehicle out of Georgia and apply for title in his/her state of residence.  There are circumstances, however, particularly with financed transactions, where the dealer may collect and remit taxes on your behalf. Regardless, nonresidents won’t pay TAVT or Georgia sales tax, but will be subject to the taxing rules and policies of their home state when they apply for a certificate of title and register their vehicle in that state.

Keep in mind that if you later become a Georgia resident, you’ll be required to pay the TAVT on your vehicle.  This is because new residents moving into Georgia are required to register and title their motor vehicle in Georgia, which is when the TAVT is charged.  According to the new motor vehicle tax rules, new residents must pay 50% of the TAVT within 30 days of moving to the state, and the remaining 50% must be paid within the next 12 months.

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Seller sold me a vehicle that would not pass emissions; what are my rights?

June 4, 2014 22:09 by Consumer Ed

Dear Consumer Ed:

I purchased a vehicle from a private seller that had currently not passed emissions testing. When I asked the seller at the point of sale about the vehicle passing emissions, he stated that the car was in passing order. When the vehicle subsequently failed the emissions test, I contacted the seller about returning my money or paying for the repairs needed to pass emissions, but he refused. I don't know if I have rights in the state of Georgia concerning this, and have no idea who to get in touch with or how to file a complaint or possibly get my money back.

Consumer Ed Says:

In Georgia, all sellers of gas-powered cars and light-duty trucks (those with a gross vehicle weight rating or GVWR of 8,500 pounds or less) must sell a vehicle with a current, valid, passing emissions inspection if the seller is located in one of the 13 counties comprising the Atlanta metro area -- Cherokee, Clayton, Cobb, Coweta, DeKalb, Douglas, Fayette, Forsyth, Fulton, Gwinnett, Henry, Paulding or Rockdale -- and if the vehicle will be registered in that 13-county region.

If the seller is not located in one of these metro-Atlanta counties, then the vehicle being sold is not required to have an emissions certificate. This is not usually a problem, however, since an emissions certificate is not required in order to register your vehicle outside of metro-Atlanta.

However, if the seller and the vehicle registration location are in one of the 13 metro-Atlanta counties specified above, it is the seller's responsibility to provide evidence of a passing emissions inspection. The unexpired Certificate of Emissions Inspection should be displayed on the vehicle at the time of sale. If the seller is required to sell the vehicle with an emissions inspection but fails to display a valid, unexpired certificate at the time of sale, the seller may be guilty of a misdemeanor and can be fined $100.00 for the first offense, $500.00 for the second offense, and $1,000.00 for each subsequent offense.

There are a few exceptions (see below), but this law applies regardless of whether the seller is a private party, dealership or auctioneer. Also, cars sold "as is" are not exempt-they too must be sold with a current, valid, passing emissions inspection if the seller is located in one of the 13 metro Atlanta counties indicated above.

However, the seller is not required to provide the buyer with a copy of the Vehicle Inspection Report (VIR), which is generated during the inspection and gets reported electronically to Georgia tag offices. So before purchasing a vehicle, potential buyers should always look for the Certificate of Emissions Inspection on the vehicle and check the vehicle's VIR before purchasing. Simply ask the seller for it or, if you know the vehicle identification number (VIN), you can download a copy of a vehicle's most recent VIR for free on the Georgia Clean Air Force (GCAF) website by visiting: http://www.cleanairforce.com/motorists/emissions-testing/vir-reprints/.

If you bought a vehicle in metro-Atlanta that does not have a current passing emissions inspection, you have several options:

 

 

Exceptions & Exemptions 

There are a few exceptions and exemptions to this law. An emissions inspection is not required if:  

 

  • The vehicle runs only on alternate fuel or diesel;
  • The vehicle has a GVWR over 8,500 pounds;
  • The vehicle is from the three most recent model years (for example, in 2014 that means vehicles of model years 2012, 2013, or 2014);
  • The vehicle is 25 model years old or older; or
  • The vehicle was sold as "parts only" or "salvage" and the title was appropriately identified as such with the Department of Revenue, Motor Vehicle Division.

 

Senior Exemption: If  you are a senior citizen selling your vehicle you may qualify for an exemption if you are at least 65 years old, your vehicle is 10 model years old or older, you do not drive the vehicle over 5,000 miles per year, the vehicle's odometer is in working condition, and you are the primary registered vehicle owner. However, you must apply for a Senior Exemption. You can print and mail in the completed form or submit it online by visiting www.cleanairforce.com/forms/index.php/form-senior-exemption-application.  

Non-Conforming Status: Gray market vehicles, kit cars, hot rods, and vehicles for which the owner is unable to obtain parts (parts are no longer manufactured) to repair the vehicle so it can pass the emissions inspection may qualify for an exception. Owners of these types of vehicles would have to apply for Non-Conforming Status and each request is evaluated on a case-by-case basis. For more information on Non-Conforming Status and to apply online, visit: www.cleanairforce.com/non-conforming-vehicles-instructions/.

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Make sure you receive these documents when you buy a car

March 20, 2014 20:53 by Consumer Ed

Dear Consumer Ed:

When you buy a car, what documents is the dealer required to give you?

Consumer Ed Says:

When you buy a new vehicle, the dealer must provide you with several documents. These include standard documents, such as the sales contract (which is often referred to as the "Buyer's Order" or "Bill of Sale").  Depending on your particular circumstances, there may be additional documents the dealer must provide.  For example, if you finance the vehicle through the dealership, you should receive a Retail Installment Contract, and if you agree to a service package, the dealer should give you a copy of the signed Service Contract.  Below is information on the more common documents you should expect to receive when you buy a new vehicle:

  • Buyer's Order or Bill of Sale: This is the basic sales contract. The seller should provide you with a copy of the completed and signed contract at the time you purchase the car.  This is very important, because it is required in order to register your vehicle and to apply for a license plate. You should ensure that it reflects the terms you negotiated with the seller.  If the seller made a verbal promise during the negotiations, make sure you get it added in writing before signing anything!
  • Finance Agreement or Retail Installment Contract: If you finance your vehicle through a dealership, Georgia law requires that the agreement be in writing in what is typically called a "Retail Installment Contract".  The seller must give the buyer a completed copy of this contract at the time the buyer signs it. Make sure that it contains no unfilled blanks before signing.
  • Odometer Mileage Disclosure Form: A  written mileage disclosure statement is required whenever a vehicle is bought or sold, or at the end of a lease.  The disclosure statement includes the buyer and seller's information, basic vehicle information, and the odometer reading of the vehicle at the time of sale.  This requirement applies to individual sellers as well as dealers.
  • Lemon Law Rights Statement: Under Georgia law, a dealer must give the buyer a written Statement of Consumer Rights that explains the Georgia Lemon Law Act at the time of purchase or lease of any new motor vehicle.  The law is very specific: the Statement must be printed in 11-point type, Arial font, on the front side of a sheet of standard, letter-sized paper that is yellow in color.  The consumer must sign and date the Statement, and the dealer's representative must print his or her name, date it and give the original to the consumer.
  • Certificate of Title: A vehicle's Certificate of Title is the document that establishes legal ownership over the vehicle.  When you buy a new car, it is necessary to apply for a Certificate of Title within 30 days of the purchase or else fees and penalties will apply.   If you purchase the new car from a dealer, the dealer should accept the application for title and an Ad Valorem Title Tax (TAVT) payment on your behalf.  The dealer must then deliver the title application and your TAVT payment to the county tag office in the county where you plan to register the vehicle.  If you paid for the new car in full and didn't finance it, when the title is issued it will be sent to you.  If you financed the car purchase and the finance agreement created a lien or security interest in the car, the title will list any lien or security interest holder and the title will not be released to you until you finish making the agreed upon payments.

Used Vehicles

When a dealer sells you a used car, it must provide you with many of the same documents as are required for a new car purchase, with some exceptions and additions:

  • Buyer's Order or Bill of Sale: Just as with a new vehicle, a used car Buyer's Order or Bill of Sale is the basic sales contract between the buyer and the seller.  The seller should provide you with a copy of the completed and signed contract at the time of purchase so that you can register your vehicle and to apply for a license plate.  Again, you should ensure that the contract reflects the terms you negotiated with the seller and that you get all verbal promises in writing before signing.
  • Finance Agreement or Retail Installment Contract: Just as with new cars, used cars are often financed through the dealership.  If so, Georgia law requires that the finance agreement be in writing in a retail installment contract.  The seller must give the buyer a completed copy of this document at the time the buyer signs the contract.
  • Odometer Mileage Disclosure Form:  As with new vehicle purchases, whenever a used motor vehicle is bought or sold, the seller must provide a written mileage disclosure statement. Again, this requirement applies to individual sellers as well as dealers.
  • Buyers Guide: Under the Federal Trade Commission's Used Car Rule, a used car dealer that sells six or more cars a year is required to post a Buyers Guide in every used car they offer for sale.  The dealer must then give the buyer the original or a copy of the used vehicle's Buyers Guide at the time of sale. The Guide provides important information and notices to the buyer, including: whether the vehicle is being sold "as is" or with a warranty; the percentage of repair costs a dealer will pay under the warranty; a caution that spoken promises are difficult to enforce (and to get all promises in writing); a recommendation to keep the Buyers Guide for reference after the sale; a listing of the major mechanical and electrical systems on the car, including some of the major problems the buyer should look out for; and a recommendation that the buyer should ask to have the car inspected by an independent mechanic before buying the vehicle. The back of the Buyers Guide lists the name and address of the dealer, and should list the appropriate person at the dealership to contact if the buyer has problems or complaints after the sale.  If you buy a used car and the sales discussion and negotiations are conducted in Spanish, the dealer must let you see and keep a Spanish-language version of the Buyers Guide when you make the purchase.
  • Certificate of Title: Again, a vehicle's Certificate of Title establishes legal ownership.  When you buy a used car that is already titled in another person's name, the existing title is very important, because the seller must transfer legal ownership of the vehicle to you by transferring the title to your name.  The back side of the Certificate of Title has spaces for entering the transfer of ownership, which must be completed by the current owner (the seller) before they deliver it to you (the buyer).  The seller should give you the title at the time the vehicle is delivered, and you must then promptly apply for a new title in your name at the county tag office in the county where you will register the used car. When you purchase a used car from a dealership, however, the dealer must handle the transfer process and submit the application for a new title in your name along with the appropriate Ad Valorem Title Tax (TAVT) payment on your behalf.  As with a new car purchase, you will only receive the title if there are no liens or security interest holders listed on it.  So, for example, if you financed the used car through the dealership and a security interest was created when you made the financing agreement, you would not receive the title until you finish making the agreed upon payments.

For more information on your rights and dealers' obligations, visit our website at www.consumer.ga.gov.

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